Despite the disillusionment, it is important to continue to promote global initiatives where common policies are discussed and EIEL takes shape. While these initiatives have not yet helped to address the environmental crisis, they have strengthened IEL as an instrument to address our concerns, which we are making the most of at AIDA. This category and subcategory are intended to cover all agreements to protect or manage human interactions with plant and animal species. It covers all fisheries and fisheries management agreements as well as all agreements on agriculture (excluding raw material agreements). The coding terms used for inclusion are: 1.10 In addition to their growing number, international environmental agreements have also increased in scope and complexity. While previous agreements focused on a limited number of topics, the latest agreements deal with a much wider range of issues. In addition, the terms of recent agreements are generally more comprehensive and stricter and cover a wider range of commitments. The full titles of the five international environmental agreements are presented in their sections of the case study under observation and recommendations. 1.11 Since 1972, Canada has often played a key role in the development of the international environmental agenda and has endorsed a growing number of international agreements and similar instruments dealing with various environmental issues.
Canada`s environmental commitments to the international community have increased and the number and complexity of our agreements has increased. What is international? Although “international” may have a broader meaning, the term, when referred to in the IEAs, is generally intergovernmental. I have implemented this definition to include all agreements to which governments of two or more states are (or may) be contracting parties, while excluding instruments between governments and NGOs, between governments and international organizations, as well as between businesses, NGOs or international organizations. 1.123 Of the five agreements we reviewed, environmental performance expectations (or targets) were clearly established in the case of the Montreal Protocol, the Ozone Annex and, in part, in the case of UNFA, based on the fish stocks examined. 1.30 Knowing whether the environmental objectives and expected outcomes of the agreements will be achieved is a prerequisite for the effectiveness of accountability. We want to know whether the relevant federal departments know to what extent the concrete objectives of the selected international environmental agreements are being achieved. In this regard, we examined whether departments had information on environmental outcomes against the objectives that the government has committed to and whether they could demonstrate adequate security in the quality of this information. For each of the five international environmental agreements, we have opted for a central environmental objective of the agreement, which must be examined. A signature is not the last step. Ratification by the state governing body is necessary before countries fully participate in international agreements. While a signature is interpreted as an obligation to move forward with full ratification, this is not always the case. 1.12 Management challenges.
Governments around the world face the challenge of managing an increasingly complex entity of international environmental agreements. According to other national monitoring services, the evaluation of the implementation, compliance and effectiveness of these agreements is complex and often problematic.