This is the third time the British Parliament has rejected the agreement. The UK has until 12 April 2019 to decide how to proceed: the European Union and the UK reach a draft withdrawal agreement. The most important elements of the draft agreement are: The transition period ends in accordance with the withdrawal agreement. Prime Minister Boris Johnson wins the British general election. It is therefore likely that the Brexit deal will soon be adopted. If the British Parliament approves the agreement, the European Parliament can vote on it in January. On the issue of the Irish border, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the “backstop”) which is attached to the agreement and establishes a position of withdrawal which will only come into force in the absence of effective alternative provisions before the expiry of the transition period. In this case, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will stick to aspects of the internal market until such an event is carried out. Neither party can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union.
The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a “hard” border in Ireland, where customs controls are needed.  The House of Commons votes in favour of the Brexit bill. This means that the UK is on track to leave the EU on 31 January. However, the House of Lords and the European Parliament have yet to approve the agreement. The United Kingdom triggers Article 50. This means that negotiations on the UK`s withdrawal from the EU can begin. The EU and the UK have two years to reach an agreement. On 23 March 2018, EU and UK negotiators reached an agreement on the draft withdrawal agreement allowing the European Council (Article 50) to adopt guidelines for the framework for future eu-UK relations. EU sources said they were increasingly optimistic about how to reach an agreement, although time was described as a concern. The UK will keep a copy of the agreement while the original will return to Brussels where it will be kept in an archive along with other historic international agreements. The EU and the UK reach a provisional agreement on citizens` rights and the financial regime of Brexit.
On 22 October, the British Parliament agreed to review the Brexit Act. But she decided it took longer than the British Prime Minister had proposed. This means that it is no longer possible to withdraw with an agreement on the planned date of Brexit, 31 October. The Brexit deal will not come into force until the Brexit law is passed by the British Parliament. “The growing concern that the negotiation process is not moving fast enough to ensure ratification of a possible agreement by the end of the year. The French ambassador insisted that the translation of the treaty into French was crucial for Paris in order to approve the agreement and called for a discussion on the legal nature of the agreement within a few days. The United Kingdom (United Kingdom) left the European Union (EU) on 31 January 2020. A transitional period is now in effect until 31 December 2020. During this period, the UK will have to comply with all EU rules and legislation.